Emu Feed & How to grow them
Emu are excellent converters, 2.5/4 kg of feed to 1 kg of gain. Adult Emu consume on average .500 to 750 gm. of feed per day. Commercial feeds are readily available at a cost of approx. Rs 3000/- per year per bird.
Emus are primarily herbivores (plant-eaters). They eat grass, seeds, flowers, young plants, and fruits. They also eat some insects. They swallow small stones (called gastroliths or gizzard stones) which stay in the gizzard and help in grinding up food.
Emu requires high amount of proteins, aminoacids, vitamins, minerals as compared to chicken. Feeding is the most important thing that will contribute to our success in breeding emu or any other type of livestock farming. It has been our experience that it may take an emu bird more than a year to start laying at their normal rate when removed from high quality feed and placed on lower grade feed
Birds will consume larger volumes of a nutritionally inadequate diet than of a sound balanced diet, making the cheaper feed the more expensive. Productivity will suffer with a poor diet.
Given adequate room to exercise, birds will usually eat only until their nutritional needs are met. There are some good ratite formulation and foods on the market that have proven track records. We cannot over-emphasize the need of a good, sound feeding program.
It will put rupee in your pocket.
- Emu can exist on a simple diet and require a lot of water, drinking 4 to 6 liters daily
- Readymade feed for EMU is not available in the market, as the demand for the same is very little. The farmers were procuring the ready made broiler feed and were adding 10Kgs. of concentrate so as to increase its protein content, as EMUs need high protein diet.
- The average feed requirement ranged from 20 to 25 Kg. per bird up to Six months of age. The feed requirement for the male birds is more than the females as the males are heavier to females. The feed requirement is less where the farmers were feeding some amount of chopped green grasses.
- The average feed cost works out to be Rs.13 per kg.
- Due to defeciency of vitamins,protien,calicum etc. leg bends occur,so feed them properly in order to reduce them.
- Feed Carry Cases shud be fixed at the birds height,so that they can eat conviniently.